"Location of schools" - my compare and contrast essay
clubs societies location of school acknowledgement location of school
At the state level there are two main sources of regulation: the School Construction Law (105 ILCS 230/5-1), and the eligibility guidelines put forth by the Illinois Capital Development Board (ICDB). In both cases, the goal is twofold: to prioritize and regulate the awarding of construction grants, and to establish project standards. In Illinois the serves as the construction management arm for Illinois state government. Whenever state money is involved in a non-transportation capital project, the CDB typically has an oversight and regulatory role. The CDB sets standards and design guidelines for a project's state funding eligibility. When designing schools, most school districts follow CDB's list of eligible and ineligible items whether or not capital money is available from the state. In a practical sense, the CDB has created a list of what should and should not be considered part of a school construction project, to receive state funds. Some items that are mentioned by the CDB are contrary to what is found in a numerous examples of "best practices" throughout the country. For instance, it is well documented that schools should be viewed as community centers and designed to be used 24 hours a day, year round (McAnn and Beaumont, Sullivan, National Summit on School Design, Bingler Quinn and Sullivan). In fact, research suggests that student learning, school effectiveness, family engagement, and community vitality are significantly improved when schools are designed as centers of the community (Martin, Melaville, and Shah). The CDB however states the following about community centers:
This approach does not encourage school districts to envision schools as community learning centers, an approach that has widespread national support. Furthermore, there is nothing to prevent the CDB from adopting an approach that encourages schools to be designed as community centers, since the grants they make are funded through tax revenues and their charge is not exclusive to building educational facilities. Another area that directly impacts the size and location of a school is acreage requirements. The CDB has established a acreage formula as described below.
Map: Locations of School Departments
This project seeks to establish a broader set of partnerships that can be utilized statewide regarding the safe location of schools. This project has three distinct phases.